Tuesday, 23 October 2018

Important Abbreviations for UGC NET- Popular Terminology for ICT in Paper 1

From December 2018 the NTA will be the exam conducting authority for the UGC NET. The UGC NET exam will be held twice a year in Online mode Only. The UGC NET consists of two papers.

Paper 1 is common for all the subject while paper 2 have the questions related to subject specific. Paper 1 of the UGC NET includes teaching aptitude, reasoning, general knowledge, and higher education. One of the important topics of paper 1 is Information Communication Technology (ICT).

IT consists brief knowledge of computer, technology, meaning, advantages, disadvantages and uses, General abbreviations and terminology of basics of internet and email etc. There will be around 5 questions from ICT in UGC NET paper 1.

In this blog, I am going to list out the important abbreviations with its full form and meaning. The knowledge of abbreviation and technical terms will help you to solve the questions of ICT in UG CNET exam. Check out the list of important of abbreviations from information communication technology.


Abbreviations Based on Computer Technology


S. No.
Abbreviation
Full-Form
1
PC
Personal Computer
2
MAC 
Media Acces Control 
3
UNIVAC
Universal Automatic Computer
4
ENIAC 
Electronic Number Integrator And Calculator
5
EDSAC 
Electronic Dialog Storage Automatic Computer
6
PCI
Peripheral Component Interconnect
7
BIOS
Basic Input and Output System
8
GUI
Graphics User Interface
9
CPU
Central Processing Unit
10
OS
Operating System
11
DVD 
Digital Versatile Disc
12
CD
Compact Disk
13
ROM
Read Only Memory
14
PROM
Programmable Read Only Memory
15
EPROM
Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
16
EEPROM
Electrical Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
17
EAPROM
Electrical Alterable Programmable Read Only Memory
18
RAM
Random Access Memory
19
ALU 
Arithmetic and Logic Unit
20
HDD 
Hard Disk Drive
21
ASCII 
American Standard Code for Information Interchange
22
EBCDIC 
Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
23
CSS 
Cascading Style Sheet
24
WWW 
World Wide Web
25
URL 
Universal Resource Locator
26
USSD
Unstructured Supplementary Service Data
27
DIR 
Directory
28
DOC 
Document
29
PDA 
Personal Digital Assistant
30
SEO 
Search Engine Optimization


Abbreviations Based On Programming or Computer language


S. No.
Abbreviations
Full- Form
BASIC 
Beginner All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
2
PERL
Practical Extraction and Report Language
3
VBS
Visual Basic Script
4
SMIL
Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language
5
CEH 
Certified Ethical Hacking
6
DBMS 
Database Management System
7
SQL
Structured Query Language
8
PHP
PHP Hypertext Preprocessor
9
COBOL
Common Basic Oriented Language
10
XBL
XML Binding Language
11
HTML 
Hypertext Markup Language
12
XML 
Extensible Mark-up Language
13
FORTRAN 
Formula Translator
14
QBASIC
Quick Beginner’s All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
15
Prolog
Programming in logic


Abbreviations Based On Networking


S. No.
Abbreviations
Full- Form
 1
WAN
Wide Area Network
 2
LAN
Local Area Network
 3
MAN 
Metropolitan Area Network
 4
PAN 
Personal Area Network
 5
CAN 
Campus Area Network
 6
VPN
Virtual Private Network
 7
USB 
Universal Serial Bus
 8
AGP 
Accelerated Graphic Port
 9
VGA
Visual Graphic Adaptor
 10
MHZ 
Megahertz
 11
GHZ 
Gigahertz
 12
CMD 
Command
 13
IP 
Internet Protocol
 14
HTTP 
Hypertext Transfer Protocol
 15
TCP 
Transmission Control Protocol
 16
IDE 
Integrated Drive Electronics
 17
SIM 
Subscriber Identification Module
 18
ISP 
Internet Service Provider
 19
SIMMs 
Single In-line Memory Module
 20
DIMMs 
Dual In-line Memory Module
 21
CMOS 
Complimentary Metaoxide Semi-Conductor
 22
IC 
Integrated Circuit
 23
LSIC 
Large Scale Integrated Circuit


Abbreviations Based on File Type or Extensions


S. No.
Abbreviations
Full- Form
 1
PDF 
Portable Document Format
 2
DOC 
Microsoft Word Document
 3
DOCX 
Microsoft Word Open XML Document
 4
TXT 
Text File
 5
SUB 
Subtitle File
 6
RTF
Rich Text Format File
 7
FDR 
Final Draft Document
 8
MPEG 
Moving Picture Experts Group
 9
WMV 
Windows Media Video
 10
FLV 
Flash Video
 11
AVI 
Audio Video Interleave
 12
MP4 
MPEG Layer 4
 13
DivX 
Digital Video Express (DivX-encoded Movie)
 14
Mp3 
MPEG Audio Layer 3
 15
AIFF 
Audio Interchange File Format
 16
WAV 
Waveform PCM Audio
 17
WMA 
Windows Media Audio
 18
DAT 
Digital Audio Tape
 19
JPEG 
Joint Photographic Experts Group
 20
GIF 
Graphics Interchange Format
 21
PNG 
Portable Network Graphics
 22
TIFF 
Tag Image File Format
 23
BMP 
Windows Bitmap
 24
AC97
Audio Codec 97
 25
Codec
Coder-Decoder
 26
DVI
Digital Video Interactive
 27
JAR
Java ARchive


Here, I have discussed important abbreviations from Information Communication Technology (ICT) of UGC NET General Paper 1.


Hope it will help you in general paper 1 preparation.


If you find to add more abbreviations in the list, please do share in the comment section.


All the best!!

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